Caves Excavations

Caves Excavations

Recommended duration of tour: 05 nights - 06 days
Destination Covered: Mumbai and Aurangabad
Recommended Extensions:-

  • Khandala and Lonavala from Mumbai
  • Goa from Mumbai
  • Ahemdabad from Aurangabad
  • Udaipur and other places in Rajasthan

Day wise Detailed Itinerary

Day 01 : Mumbai Arrival
Arrive at Mumbai airport or station. You will be received by RAJ Travel Consultant’s representative and transferred to the hotel. After assisting you with the check in formalities, you will be free for relaxing and exploring the city enjoying a walk on Marine Drive, The Gateway of India, Warden Road, University Buildings, Fort, Townhall, Mumbai High Court to name a few.
Mumbai is also famous for the vibrant night life, the pub and bar scenario here is quite state of the art and ranges from the sophisticated ones in the five stars to the hip and trendy ones in Colaba and the suburbs. Overnight will be at Mumbai.


Day 02 : Mumbai – Aurangabad (By Air – morning flight)
After breakfast, you will be transferred to the airport to board on the flight to Aurangabad. Upon arrival, you will be received RAJ Travel Consultant’s representative and transferred to the hotel. After check in formalities, relax for sometime and later enjoy the sightseeing of the city of Aurangabad - was founded in 1610, on the site of a village, Khirki by Malik Ambar - the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II . When Fateh Khan, Malik Ambar's son turned successor in 1626, he gave the city the name 'Fatehpur'. Later in 1653, when Prince Aurangzeb became Viceroy of the Deccan, he made the city his capital and called it Aurangabad. Aurangzeb added the walls that enclose the central part of the city in 1686 in order to withstand attacks from the Marathas. There are four principle gateways to the city - the Delhi Darwaza, the Jalna Darwaza, the Paithan Darwaza and the Mecca Darwaza. Nine secondary gateways also formed a part of the defensive system of this city.
Aurangabad district has always been a prominent region on the Deccan plateau. Having been inhabited since the Stone Age, it has a long artistic and cultural history - to which several dynasties have made major contributions over the years. Maurya rule marked the arrival of Buddhism in Maharashtra.
Aurangabad today is a bustling city of Maharashtra with diverse big and small industries, fine silken textiles, and exquisite hand woven brocades of silver and gold fabrics, Himroo of world frame. To scholars and lovers of art and culture the city is more familiar as the gateway to the ancient caves of Ajanta and Ellora, both famous as treasure houses of Indian art and sculpture.
Overnight will be at Aurangabad.


Caves Excavations

Day 03 : Aurangabad (excursion to Ajanta Caves)
After breakfast, proceed for the full day sightseeing with excursion to Ajanta Caves (please mark these are closed on Mondays).
Ajanta caves: Nestling in an inner fold of the Sahyardi hills, 100 km from Aurangabad in the shape of a mammoth horse- shoe, are the 30 rock-hewn caves of Ajanta. The Caves date from the 2nd century BC. Discovered in 1819 by a group of British army officers, these startling achievements took around 600 years to create. Carved with little more than a hammer and chisel, Ajanta, once the retreat of Buddhist monastic orders features several 'chaityas' (chapels) and 'viharas' (monasteries). The exquisite wall and ceiling paintings, panels and sculptures of Buddha's life are famous throughout the world as the earliest and finest examples of Buddhist pictorial art.
Drive back to Aurangabad and overnight stay at the Hotel.


Day 04 : Aurangabad (excursion to Ellora Caves)
After breakfast, proceed for the visit to the Ellora Caves, Daulatabad Fort and Aurangabad Caves.
Ellora Caves(please mark these are Closed on Tuesdays): Impressive in their own right is the rock-hewn temples and monasteries of Ellora that lie just 30 km away from Aurangabad city. In all, there are 34 cave temples, 12 Mahayana Buddhist caves (550-750 AD), 17 Hindu caves (600-875 AD) and 5 caves of the Jain faith (800-1000 AD) 22 more caves, dedicated to Lord Shiva, were recently discovered. Kailash Temple (cave16), the central attraction at Ellora, is the most remarkable. Chiseled by hand from a single massive rock, it includes a gateway, pavilion, courtyard, vestibule, sanctum sanctorum and tower which bear testimony to the excellence of Dravidian art. It is believed to have taken 7000 laborers, working in continuous shifts and 150 years to build. Ever since the first European visitors in 18th Century, Ellora has attracted chroniclers, antiquarians, scholars and in more recent years, ever- increasing number of tourists.


Aurangabad Caves: The almost forgotten caves of Aurangabad lie just outside the city. Excavated between the 2nd and 6th century AD, they reflect Tantric influences in their iconography and architectural designs. In all there are nine caves which are mainly viharas (monasteries).
The most interesting among these are Caves 3 and 7. The former is supported on 12 highly ornate columns and has sculptures depicting scenes from the legendary 'Jakata' tales. Cave 7 with its detailed figures of bejeweled women also has a dominating sculpture of a 'Bodhisattva' praying for deliverance.


Daulatabad Fort: Once known as 'Devgiri', this magnificent 12th century fortress stands on a hill just 13 km. from Aurangabad. It was given the name Daulatabad, the 'City of Fortune', by Muhammad Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi. Initially a Yadav stronghold, it passed through the hands of several dynasties in the Deccan. One of the world's best preserved fort of medieval times, surviving virtually unaltered, Daulatabad yet displays the character that made it invincible.
This is a fortress that has a series of secret, quizzical, led like a python amidst the fort. Here flaring torches were thrust upon an unwary enemy. Or hot oil poured down his patih, as he deliberated n the labyrinth. Also the heat from a brazier was blown into the passage by a process of suction suffocating the entire garrison within. The fort itself lies in the body of an isolated hill; the steep hill - sides at the base falling so sharply to the moat that no hostile troops could scale the height.

The moat, 40 ft. deep with mechanical drawbridges teemed with crocodiles. A 5-kilometer sturdy wall, artificial scarping and a complicated series of defenses made Daulatabad impregnable. The 30-meter high Chand Minar (Tower) built much later with 3 circular galleries had a defensive and religious role in the fortress.
0vernight stay at the hotel in Aurangabad.


Day 05 : Aurangabad – Mumbai for the excursion trip to Elephanta caves (by air)
Have early breakfast and then transferred to the airport to board on the flight back to MUMBAI (or onward journey as suggested in the recommended stay options). Upon arrival in Mumbai, you will be again received by RAJ Travel Consultant’s representative and transferred to the hotel. After some relaxation, you will be taken for the excursion to the Elephanta Caves – with boat transfer from Gateway of INDIA.  These houses rock cut temples dating back to 5th century CE. It was named by the Portuguese, after the statue of an elephant near the landing area of the island.
Overnight stay in hotel in Mumbai.


Day 06 : Mumbai departure
After breakfast, you will be transferred to the airport / station to board flight / train to the onward destination.

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